Physical fitness

What Does Being Physically Fit Mean?

One who has good physical health is able to use life more fully than who is ill.

Alexis Currel said, “The quality of life is more important than life itself”.

Physical fitness includes our physical body, inside and out. From a wider perspective, physical fitness can also include our material possessions. In this way, physical fitness is the parts of ourselves and our world that we can see hear and touch. Thus, when speaking about physical balance, we may be looking at self-care such as proper nutrition, exercise and sleep or we may be looking at optimizing the things in our lives that keep us balanced, productive, and content.

Things to stay physically fit:/

1. Speed

Speed plays a vital role approximately in every weight training. Speed in the ability to move from one place to another in the shortest possible time. It means that the velocity with which an individual can execute his movements. In other words, it means the capacity of moving a body part or the whole body with the greatest possible velocity. For example, the movement of a smasher’s arm in volleyball has the maximum speed or velocity at the time of smashing the volleyball.

2. Muscular strength

Muscular strength is one of the important components of physical fitness. Muscular strength is the amount of force the muscle or a group of muscles can exert against resistance for short duration as in anaerobic activities. Muscular strength is essential for performing daily routine work easily and smoothly such as lifting weight and climbing on stairs etc. it is also essential for maintaining good posture, avoiding injuries and remaining independent specially in old age. It can be measured with the help of Kraus-weber.

3. Motor fitness

Motor fitness refers to the capability of an individual to perform effectively at his/her particular exercise. It can also be said that motor fitness is a person’s ability to perform physical activities.

4. Cardiovascular fitness

Cardiovascular fitness is the ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen-rich blood to the working muscle tissue and the ability of the muscles to use oxygen to produce energy for movements. This type of fitness is required to sustain physical activity or it can be said that cardiovascular fitness is essential for us to perform aerobic activities.

5. Flexibility

Flexibility is the range of movements of joints. In other words, it means the range of motion available in the joints. It is affected by muscle length, joint structure, tendons, ligaments and other factors. An individual, who has good flexibility, can move his body joints through a full range of motion in work and play. He can perform daily routine work smoothly, efficiently and easily. Such individuals seem to be attractive specially while doing some motor activity. It is beneficial in preventing injuries, improving posture, reducing low back pain, improving balance. It can be increased with the help of stretching exercises. So, every individual must be well aware about his flexibility.

6. Strength

Strength is the ability of the muscles to overcome resistance. It is an essential element or component of physical fitness. Strength can also be defined as the amount of force of muscle or muscles group can exert. Strength of the body can be measure in pounds or dynes. A certain level of strength is also essential for common man whereas, for an individual it is most essential to have strength.

7. Endurance

Endurance is the ability to sustain an activity.

Barrow and McGee, defined endurance as “the result of physiological capacity of the individual to sustain movement over a period of time”.

Herre also defines endurance as “the ability to resist fatigue”.

In all fitness, endurance is directly or indirectly of high importance. It is usually measured by number of repetitions. For example, the number of sit-ups an individual can complete in one minute is often used to measure the endurance of the stomach muscle.

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